Air plants are a type of plant that doesn’t require soil to grow. These fascinating plants get the vast majority of their nutrients and moisture from the air around them. Because they don’t need soil, air plants can grow in a wide variety of places including on trees, rocks, and even in shells.
If you’re interested in growing air plants, there are a few things you should know about how to care for them. Continue reading below to learn more about it.
What Are Air Plants?
Originally belonging to genus Tillandsia, these air plants are nicknamed in such a way because they derive a major portion of nutrients from air around them. The plants belonging to Tillandsia genus only need air for their survival.
They can practically require no soil for their growth and for the above 2 reasons it is called air plants.
The natural habitat of these air plants is the forests , deserts and also few mountains and these plants grow as epiphytes causing no harm to them.
Types of Air Plants
There are over 600 different species of air plants, and they can be found all over the world. Though they vary in size, shape and color, all air plants need the same basic things to survive: bright light, good air circulation and a little bit of water.
Here are some of the most popular types of air plants:
The Tillandsia cyanea is a species in the genus Tillandsia. It is native to Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. The plant grows on trees or rocks in moist or dry habitats at elevations of 0–3,000 m. It is an epiphyte or lithophyte. The leaves are blue-green, linear to oblong-lanceolate, 10–30 cm long and 1–2 cm wide.
One of the most popular air plants, Tillandsia Ionantha is native to Central America. It’s easily recognizable by its yellow-orange flowers, which bloom in the fall.
Also known as Spanish moss, this evergreen plant is native to North America. It’s one of the most widely-grown air plants, which is a testament to its hardiness and adaptability.
The plant Tillandsia Andreana is a species of the genus Tillandsia in the family Bromeliaceae. It is endemic to Colombia. This epiphytic bromeliad has long, thin leaves that form a rosette. The leaves are green with purple tips and have red spots. The plant produces small, white flowers.
Tillandsia xerographica, also known as the king of tillandsias, is a species of Tillandsia native to Mexico and Central America. It is one of the most popular Tillandsia species due to its large size and showy flowers. The inflorescence can grow up to 60 cm (24 in) long and consists of many small, tubular flowers. The plant grows best in bright light and high humidity.
Tillandsia Maxima is a species in the genus Tillandsia. It is native to the Caribbean, Central America, and northern South America. The species is named for its large size. The leaves are green and the flowers are white. Tillandsia Maxima is a common plant in the rainforest.
How to Water Air Plants
Air plants are unique in that they don’t require soil to grow. Instead, they get the majority of their nutrients from the air around them. However, this doesn’t mean they don’t need water. Here are a few tips on how to water air plants:
- Air plants should be soaked in water for 20-30 minutes once a week.
- After soaking, shake off any excess water and allow the plant to dry upside down so the water doesn’t pool in the center of the plant and cause rot.
- If you live in a humid climate, you can mist your air plant with water every few days instead of soaking it weekly.
- Be sure to use filtered or distilled water for your air plants, as tap water can contain chemicals that can damage them.
How to Fertilize Air Plants
Though air plants don’t need much care, they do need to be fertilized once a month. Here’s how to fertilize air plants:
To fertilize air plants, mix one part water with one part liquid fertilizer. Use a spray bottle to mist the solution onto the leaves of the air plant, making sure to get the underside of the leaves as well. Allow the plant to dry before putting it back in its pot or terrarium.
Fertilizing air plants is easy and only takes a few minutes each month. With proper care, these beautiful plants will thrive and add a touch of nature to your home.
How to Pot Air Plants
Air plants are a unique type of plant that gets its nutrients from the air and doesn’t need soil to grow. They’re easy to care for and make a great addition to any home. Here’s how to pot an air plant:
- Choose a pot that has good drainage. Air plants need to dry out between waterings, so a pot with drainage holes is essential.
- Add some gravel or sand to the bottom of the pot for extra drainage.
- Gently remove the air plant from its current pot and shake off any excess soil.
- Place the air plant in the new pot and fill in around it with more gravel or sand.
- Water your air plant thoroughly, making sure that all leaves are evenly saturated.
How to Propagate Air Plants
Air plants can be propagated by division, offsets, or seed. To propagate by division, carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently pull it apart into two or more pieces. Each piece should have at least one set of leaves and a healthy root system. Plant the pieces in separate pots filled with well-draining soil and water them lightly.
Offsets, or pups, are baby air plants that form at the base of the parent plant. To propagate offsets, gently remove them from the parent plant and pot them up in well-draining soil. Water them lightly until they adjust to their new home.
How to Get Rid of Common Pests in Air Plants
Pests can be a big problem for air plants, but there are some simple things you can do to get rid of them. Here are a few tips to get rid of common pests in air plants:
- Check your plants regularly for signs of pests. If you see any, remove them immediately.
- Keep your air plants in a clean and dry environment. This will help prevent pests from getting started in the first place.
- If you do have pests, you can try treating them with neem oil or other organic pesticides.
- Remember to always follow the instructions on the pesticide label carefully.
- You can also try using traps or barriers to keep pests away from your air plants.
- Finally, make sure to keep an eye on your plants and take action as soon as you see any sign of a pest infestation.