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What are the Basic Colors?

No matter where you look, you can see basic colors. There are light colors and there are also dark ones. Colors, as you probably know it, are what makes the world more exciting.



With colors, you can attract attention, make a statement, and set a mood. Colors can also be used to cool down or to energize. When you choose the right color scheme, you will be able to create an ambiance of tranquility, warmth, or elegance, according to what you need and want. You can also convey a touch of good-humored youthfulness.

Colors can also serve as the most powerful element in your interior design if you manage to learn and master its use effectively and appropriately.

Colors can affect you in different ways, physically and mentally alike. It has been revealed that strong red colors can raise your blood pressure. On the other hand, you can experience a calming effect when you see a blue color.

The ability to use colors in a harmonious and conscious way will be able to help you come up with spectacular results for your interior design projects.

Color Wheel

Also known as the color circle, the color wheel is a basic tool used to combine colors. Sir Isaac Newton designed the first-ever circular color diagram in 1666.

The design of the color wheel was made in such a way that virtually all colors you choose from it are going to look great together. Through the years, numerous variations of its basic design have been created. However, the most common and popular version is the wheel that contains 12 colors according to the artistic or RYB color mode.

By tradition, there are several combinations of colors that are regarded to be quite pleasing to the eyes. These are known as color chords or color harmonies and these are composed of two or more colors that have fixed relation within the color wheel.

What are the Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Colors?

The primary colors include red, blue, and yellow in the subtractive or the RYB color model.

There are three secondary colors including purple, orange, and green. These are made by combining two primary colors.

There are six tertiary colors that are formed by combining secondary and primary colors.

Cool and Warm Colors

The color wheel could be divided into cool and warm colors.

The warm colors are energetic and vivid. These colors have the tendency to advance into space.

Meanwhile, cool colors create an impression or touch of calmness. These colors can create a relaxing impression.

Gray, black, and white are regarded as neutral.

Tones, Shades, and Tints

These are the terms that are usually used the wrong way even though they are describing very simple concepts of color. If a certain color is made much lighter through the addition of white, the result will be known as tint. If the added color is black, the darker version will be referred to as shade.  In cases when the added color is gray, the result will be a different tone.

The Color Harmonies

Color harmonies are the basic techniques being used to create color schemes. Here are the chords or basic colors according to the color wheel.

Analogous color schemes

Analogous color schemes make use of colors that are found right beside one another on the color circle or color wheel. Analogous colors often match well. They can also create comfortable and serene interior designs.

Most of the time, analogous color schemes are present in nature. Analogous colors are pleasing to the eyes and are also harmonious at the same time.

If you want to use analogous colors for your interior design, see to it that you have sufficient contrast.

Make sure you choose a specific color that will dominate while the second one will be the support. A third color can be used together with gray, black, or white as the accent.

Triadic color scheme

The triadic color scheme makes use of colors that have even spacing around the color circle. The triadic color scheme has the tendency to be somewhat vibrant even when you are using unsaturated or pale versions of the colors.

To be successful in using triadic harmony, the colors must be properly balanced. One color should dominate and two more colors should be used as an accent.

Square color scheme

The square color scheme resembles a rectangle color scheme. Here, all four colors are evenly spaced around the color wheel. Square color schemes tend to work best if you allow a particular color to dominate. You also need to pay attention to the balance between cool and warm colors in your interior design.

Tetradic or rectangle color scheme

The tetradic or rectangle color scheme makes use of four colors that are arranged in two pairs of complementary colors. It is a rich color scheme that provides a lot of possibilities when it comes to variation. Rectangle color schemes will work best if one color is made dominant. Just like in the square color scheme, you also have to make sure that there is a good balance between cool and warm colors in the interior design.